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SOME ADVANCES IN PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
IN GHANA
L. M. Aboagye* and D. Nyadanu
Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, College of Agriculture Education,
University of Education, Winneba, P. O. Box 40 Mampong, Ashanti, Ghana
*Corresponding author.
Email: aboagyelawrencemisa@yahoo.com
ABSTRACT
This paper examines plant genetic resources management in Ghana with particular reference to
2002
-
2010 in the area of collection, characterization, evaluation, conservation and distribution.
In all 322 access
ions of various crops collected,
-
296 local and 26 introduced from abroad.
One thousand, five hundred and eighty
-
nine (1589) accessions were characterized agro
-
morphologically. These were: 62 accessions of
Voandzea subterranea
, 473 accessions of
Vigna
un
guiculata
, 317 accessions of
Arachis hypogaea
, six accessions of
Kerstinsgiella geocarpa
, 78
accessions of
Xanthosoma sagattifolium
, 56 accessions of
Solenostimon rotundifolius
; 81
accessions
Colocasia esculenta
, 354 accessions of
Dioscorea
species, 103 ac
cessions of
Zea
mays
and 59 accessions of
Capsicum
species. Two hundred and eighty six accessions of
Dioscorea
species and 81 accessions of
Colocasia esculenta
were characterized using
molecular methods. A total of 2566 accessions were distributed to user
s. The challenges and
the way forward in plant genetic resources management in Ghana are discussed.
Key words
: Genetic resources, Characterization, Collection, Conservation and Distribution