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Evaluating the Management of Free and Compulsory Basic Education to promote Child’s
Right to Education in Ghana from 1992
-
2013
Emmanuel Tchouchu (BA; PGDE, MA, M. Phil)
Abstract In spite of the provision of the Free and Compulsory Basic
Education (FCUBE) by the
government, children still loiter on the streets, market places, beaches, and other entertainment
places within the various Metropolises, towns, and villages during school hours. This indicates
that not all children in Ghana are e
njoying their right to education. This study therefore
evaluated how effective the management of FCUBE has been in the promotion of child’s right
to education in Ghana. The study was exploratory and descriptive in nature and used the mixed
method design. T
he target population was made up of drop out school children and
irregular attendants in the selected areas, parents, school authorities and teachers of the
selected schools where irregular attendants were mostly found. A sample of 384 re
spondents
was selected for questionnaire administration, out of which 40 were picked for in
-
depth
interview. The respondents to the interview were selected using the purposive sampling
technique and those for questionnaire the snowball sampling techniqu
e. Data collected were
analysed together following a sub
-
headings’ pattern, and discussions were done with
objectivity in an attempt to achieve the research objectives. Findings revealed among others
that the management of Free and Compulsory
Basic Education in Ghana from 1992 to 2013 is
anaemic. It is being impeded by inadequate textbooks for all children who enrolled in
school, inappropriate school feeding program, poor developmental infrastructure, and several
levies which pare
nts/guardians must provide for their wards before they enjoy their right to
basic education. Based on the findings, recommendations made were in twofold: (1) to commit
all education stakeholders to faithfully play their role in ensuring the effective manag
ement of
FCUBE in order to promote the right to basic education for all children living in Ghana;
and (2) to open ways for further studies.
Key words: education, child, management, right.