The indispensable role of attitude in the learning of mathematics has garnered the attention of
educational researchers and mathematics educators
for a very long time. Hence, literature is
replete with empirical evidence on the relationship between teacher attitude and student
academic performance in mathematics Mensah (2013). Again a large body of literature
reports that
there are gender differences in mathematical problem solving favouring
males. Strategy use, as a reflection of different patterns in mathematical problem solving
between genders, is found to be related to cognitive abilities, together
with psychological
characteristics and mediated by experience and education. Many complex variables including
biological, psychological and environmental variables are revealed to contribute to gender
differences in mathematical problem s
olving in some specific areas. This research work
seeks to assess the factors contributing to the decline in numbers of the women in the
field of Mathematics as they climb higher on the academic and social ladder and the
rivations and benefits the nation derive from having as many women as men pursue
mathematics to an advance level. Both quantitative and qualitative research design will be
used. Also both primary and secondary data will be admin
istered. The population will
be all universities in Ghana, 10 undergraduate students from 20 universities, 10 graduate
from 10 universities and 10 PhD students from 10 universities will be sampled randomly.
Regression analysis will be
used to analyze the data that will be gathered. It is expected
that this research will aid the parents, teachers and the nation as a whole to help the
girl child come out of mathematics phobia, enhancing participation of gir
ls and women in
mathematics to higher level in academia.