Page
46
THE USAGE OF ESTABLISHED CHARACTERISTICS OF GOOD
INFORMATION FOR THE DETERMINATION
OF INFORMATION REQUIRED
FOR DECISION MAKING IN THE CURRENT INFORMATION AGE.
GEORGE KWABLA SENA AKORFU
Wisconsin International University College, Ghana
INT
R
ODU
C
TION
S
e
v
e
ral
st
ud
ies
ha
v
e
f
o
un
d
ou
t
t
ha
t
e
x
e
c
u
ti
v
e
s
u
se
s
om
e
c
r
it
e
r
i
a
(
c
ha
ract
e
r
i
sti
c
s
) to
d
e
t
e
r
m
i
n
e
t
h
e
g
o
o
d in
fo
r
m
a
ti
o
n
t
he
y re
qu
i
r
e
f
o
r
d
e
cis
i
o
n
ma
kin
g
.
T
h
e
q
ua
l
i
ty
o
f
i
n
f
o
r
ma
ti
o
n
is
e
x
tre
m
e
ly i
mpo
rt
a
n
t
since
q
ua
l
i
ty
de
t
e
r
m
in
e
s
t
h
e
u
s
e
f
u
ln
e
ss
o
f in
fo
r
m
a
ti
o
n
a
s
w
e
ll
a
s
t
h
e
qu
a
l
i
ty
o
f
t
h
e
de
cis
i
o
n
ba
s
e
d
o
n
t
h
e
i
n
f
o
r
m
a
ti
o
n
.
M
ETHO
D
S
T
h
is st
u
d
y
is
t
o
a
sc
e
r
t
a
in
w
h
ich
o
f
t
h
e
e
st
ab
l
i
s
h
e
d
c
ha
ra
c
t
e
r
i
stics
o
f
g
oo
d in
fo
r
m
a
ti
o
n
e
x
e
c
u
ti
v
e
s
mo
stly
c
on
sid
e
r to
d
e
t
e
r
m
i
n
e
a
n
d
p
r
i
o
r
i
tise
t
h
e in
fo
r
m
a
ti
o
n
t
he
y re
qu
i
r
e
f
o
r
d
e
cis
i
o
n
ma
kin
g
.
S
t
a
tistic
a
l
h
y
po
t
he
sis t
e
sti
n
g
an
d
V
a
r
i
an
ce
A
na
l
y
sis in
k
-
M
ea
n
s C
l
u
st
e
r
A
na
l
y
sis
w
a
s
c
a
r
r
ied
o
u
t.
RE
S
UL
T
S
T
h
e
res
ea
rch
d
isco
v
e
red
t
h
a
t
it is
no
t
a
ll t
h
e
e
st
a
b
l
i
s
he
d
c
h
a
r
a
ct
e
r
i
stics
o
f
g
oo
d in
fo
r
m
a
ti
o
n
t
ha
t
e
x
e
c
u
ti
v
e
s
emp
loy to s
e
lect
i
n
f
o
r
ma
t
i
o
n
f
o
r
de
cis
i
o
n
ma
king
in t
h
is
ne
w
e
ra
o
f
i
n
f
o
r
m
a
ti
o
n
r
i
ch
s
o
cie
t
y
, rat
h
e
r
o
t
he
r
n
e
w
eme
r
g
ing c
ha
ract
e
r
i
s
tics
a
r
e
b
e
ing
c
on
sid
e
r
e
d
.
INTERPRE
T
A
TION
T
h
e
res
u
lts
m
a
y
b
e
d
u
e
t
o
t
h
e
c
o
mp
l
e
x
na
t
u
re
o
f f
un
c
ti
on
s,
t
a
sks, i
n
f
o
r
m
a
ti
o
n
, t
e
c
h
n
o
lo
g
y
an
d
o
t
he
r rela
te
d
is
s
ue
s
in t
he
ir
in
d
u
str
y
.
IMPLI
C
A
TIONS
T
h
e
c
o
m
p
lex
na
t
u
re
o
f
in
fo
r
m
a
ti
o
n
o
v
e
r
l
oa
d
in
t
h
e
in
du
st
ry
ma
y
a
lso
b
e
a c
on
trib
u
t
i
n
g
f
a
ct
o
r
e
n
ab
l
i
n
g
e
x
e
c
u
ti
v
e
s to
t
h
ink
ou
tsi
d
e
t
h
e
b
o
x
be
f
o
re
s
e
lec
t
ing in
fo
r
m
a
ti
o
n
f
o
r
d
e
cis
io
n
makin
g
.
K
e
y
w
ord
s
:
G
o
o
d i
n
f
o
r
m
a
ti
o
n
, Est
ab
l
i
s
h
e
d
c
ha
ra
c
t
e
r
i
stics
o
f
G
o
o
d I
n
f
o
r
ma
ti
o
n
,
I
n
f
o
r
ma
ti
o
n
o
v
e
r
l
oad
.
REFEREN
C
ES
B
a
w
den
,
D.
(2
0
0
1
).
I
n
f
o
r
m
a
ti
o
n
o
v
e
r
l
oad
.
L
ibrary
&
I
n
f
o
r
m
a
ti
o
n Br
i
e
fi
ngs
,
92
,
On
l
i
n
e
.
A
v
a
i
l
ab
le
a
t:
h
t
tp
:
/
/
l
i
tc
.
s
b
u
.
a
c
.
u
k/
p
u
b
l
i
c
a
ti
on
s/
l
f
r
a
me
.
h
t
m
l.
Du
n
k,
A
.
S.
(
2
000
).
Q
ua
l
i
ty
o
f
I
S i
n
f
o
r
m
a
ti
on
, i
nno
v
a
ti
o
n
bud
g
e
t
p
ress
u
re,
an
d